INTELLECTUAL HERITAGE (at Temple
Delphi- A Focal Point for IH 51 Texts
Subject Study Aids:
Aeschylus' Libation Bearers
Oedipus and the Sphinx Lecture
J's Illustrated Pericles' Funeral Oration
J's Illustrated Pericles and America
J's Illustrated Pericles and Philadelphia
J's Illustrated Aeschylus' Oresteia
J's Curse of the House of Atreus Outline
Background Lecture on Greek Philosophy
J's Apology Study Questions
J's Illustrated Plato's Apology
and the Apology Lecture
Dr. J's Plutarch's Pericles
Sundiata Study Guide
Epic Qualities of the Sundiata
and Humanism Lecture
FOUNDATIONS OF CLASSICAL GREECE
(needs some pruning):
in Classical Culture:
The Legend of the House of Atreus: Greek Tragedy in Greece
Religious Foundations of Greek Culture
The Intersection of Myth and History
The Ancient Greek Cultural Nexus- Art, Archaeology, Literature and Topography
From 1996-2001 I taught in the
Intellectual Heritage Program at Temple University in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania. This page is part of my teaching materials for Intellectual
Heritage 51, a course covering literature and ideas from Sappho through
In our study of the Apology,
we must pay close attention to the way Plato captures the personality and persuasive power
of his mentor, revealed through the tone and style of Socrates' speech. When you read the Apology,
ask yourself some of these questions:
What are the charges against Socrates?
What are Socrates' main arguments
of defense in regard to each charge?
Is this a fair trial? Are the
Why does he take such care to
avoid securing his own acquittal? He could have begged for clemency, used his wife and
children to get a pity vote, offered a reasonable alternative sentencing, promised to
Is he really an example of a man who lived and died by his own philosophy? Or is he a
self-appointed martyr? Are they mutually exclusive?
Is there virtue in being a martyr?
Do you believe that Socrates believes himself no wiser than any other man? What exactly
does he mean by that?
Does arrogance play a role in Socrates' behavior? Is that OK?
And finally, is retaining one's ethical dignity (living by one's principles) worth dying
for? For Socrates? For you?
Socrates himself addresses most of these issues. Has he answered them to your
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