Dr. Siegel's Midterm Examination Review Sheet

Classical Foundations

The Exam will be composed of a combination of objective questions (true/false, multiple choice, fill in the blanks from a word list...), quotations identifications, and short essays. For the most part, you won't have to come up with names and dates off the top of your head, but you will have to recognize them when you see them. Be smart - visit the webpages I have indicated and you will be SUPER-prepared. Oh - and make sure you have read everything assigned. For the essays and quotations identifications, I will expect that you have not only memorized information, but that you have thought about the significance of these ideas in relation to the texts as a whole. There's lots to think about it. You had better get started...

Pericles' Funeral Oration:

Know the following quotations:

"The dead are lain in the public sepulchre, maintained for those who fall in war, in the most beautiful suburb of the city - with the exception of those slain at Marathon, who for their singular and extraordinary valor were interred where they fell."

"It is both just and fitting that our ancestors should be honored first on an occasion like the present."

pretty much all of paragraphs 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

"...the good action blots out the bad, and his merit as a citizen more than outweighs his faults as an individual."

"Realize for yourself the power of Athens, and feed your eyes upon her day after day, until you become her devoted lover."

for a complete understanding of the material, consult:

Dr. J's Illustrated Pericles' Funeral Oration
Dr. J's Illustrated Pericles' Funeral Oration and America

Plato's Apology

Be able to expand on the following big ideas:

"an unexamined life is not worth living"
"the tending of the soul is the major business of life"
"there is no man wiser than Socrates"

Know the following quotations from Plato's Apology:

"I have not the slightest skill as a speaker - unless, of course, by a skillful speaker they mean one who speaks the truth."

"Take the case of horses; do you believe that those who improve them make up the whole of mankind...?"

"You are mistaken, my friend, if you think that a man who is worth anything ought to spend his time weighing up the prospects of life and death. He has only one thing to consider in performing any action; that is, whether he is acting rightly or wrongly, like a good man or a bad one."

"God appointed me, as I supposed and believed, to the duty of leading the philosophic life, examining myself and others..."

"I owe a greater obedience to God than to you; and so long as I shall draw breath and have my faculties, I shall never stop practicing philosophy and exhorting you and elucidating the truth for everyone that I meet."

"My very good friend, you are an Athenian and belong to a city which is the greatest and most famous in the world for its wisdom and strength. Are you not ashamed that you give your attention to acquiring as much money as possible, and similarly with reputation and honor, and give no attention or thought to truth and understanding and the perfection of your soul?"

Quotations from Plato's Crito:

"...the really important thing is not to love, but to live well."

"Do you imagine that a city can continue to exist and not be turned upside down, if the legal judgments which are pronounced in it have no force but are nullified and destroyed by private persons?"

"Did we not give you life in the first place? was it not through us that your father married your mother and begot you?"

"Incidentally, you will confirm the opinion of the jurors who tried you that they have a correct verdict, a destroyer of laws might very well be supposed to have a destructive influence upon young and foolish human beings."

"...be advised by us your guardians, and do not think more of your children or of your life or of anything else than you think of what is right; so that when you enter the next world you may have all this to plead in your defense before the authorities there."


Be able to identify the following names, terms related to our study of Greek philosophy:

pre-Socratics (for example, Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Pythagoras, Heraclitus)
Platonic definition of the soul
Realm of Ideas/Forms
Socratic Irony
Socratic method

for a complete understanding of all the material covered in our discussion of Greek Philosophy, Plato and the Apology, consult:

Dr. J's Background Lecture on Greek Philosophy
Dr. J's Illustrated Plato's Apology
Dr. J's Plato's Apology Study Questions
Dr. J's on-line Socrates lecture (the one I promised you!)


Greek History: be familiar with these important dates:

1500-1100 Mycenean Age
1250 Trojan War
1100-800 Dark Ages
800-500 Archaic Age
776 First Olympiad
720 Homer's epics
500-338 Classical Age
Persian Wars:
490 Marathon
480 Thermopylae
480 Salamis
479 Plataea
477 Delian League
454 Athenian Empire
431 Peloponnesian War begins
429 Plague in Athens
404 Peloponnesian War ends
399 Socrates executed
338 Philip of Macedon conquers Greece

names, words to know: Pericles, eulogium, polis, Thucydides, Herodotus

Helpful webpages are Dr. J's Illustrated Persian Wars and Dr. J's Illustrated Classical Greek Timeline

Greek Theater

Be familiar with the following names/terms:

Dionysus/Festival of Dionysus

consult Dr. J's Illustrated Greek Theater and Dr. J's Illustrated Greek Drama

Aeschylus' Oresteia

all plot, characters, settings, quotations

For each quotation, know (see particular study guides):

- name and author of text; speaker of quotation

- circumstances of quotation (when during the course of events of the story this happens, if it is said in response to something significant, if it is in any way a focal point of plot or theme)

for the list of quotations that are fair game, see the following study guides:
Agamemnon, Libation Bearers, Eumenides

Back to your syllabus

Dr. J's main IH page