Does the Passive Voice Work?
The man loves the
woman = vir feminam amat.
The woman is loved by
the man = femina amatur ab viro.
The subject of a passive
voice verb is the "receiver" of the action of the verb, and the
"doer" of the action is designated by a special ablative phrase,
called the "ablative of personal agent" which we have been calling
the "ablative of secret agent" and sing the Mission Impossible theme
So, active voice means
that the SUBJECT of the verb is the doer of the action (he loves) of
the verb. A direct object receives its action.
Passive voice means that
the SUBJECT of the verb is the RECEIVER of the action (she is
loved). The DOER of the action is provided in the ablative phrase
(by the man).
Voice is one of five
attributes every verb has...person, number, tense, voice mood.
Passive voice can be provided in any tense (he is loved, he was
being loved, he will be loved, he was loved, he had been loved, he
will have been loved) and any person and number. You know you have a
passive voice verb by its ending. For now, you can see the book for
the complete list of endings...