Chapter 22 Ablative Usages
The following sample sentences are taken from the
exercises in the back of Wheelock's text (in other words, you could have looked
the answers up yourself so I am not giving anything away).
ablative of means
ablative of time when
ablative of manner
ablative of personal agent
(with a verb in the passive)
ablative of place where
ablative of place from which (physical separation)
ablative of separation (metaphorical, with verb of
1. Eo tempore
libertatem illorum decem civium cum fide
At that time, he faithfully (with
faith) preserved the freedom of those ten citizens.
eo tempore = ablative
of time when
cum fide = ablative of manner
2. Res publica magna cura
ab eo gesta est.
The state was managed by him
with great care.
ablative of personal agent (with a verb in the passive)
magna cura = ablative of manner (with an
3. Multae res bonae
in media urbe
Many good things were seen in the middle of the city.
in media urbe = ablative of place where
4. Terra homines fructibus bonis
The earth nourishes human beings with good fruits.
fructibus = ablative of means
5. Septem ex amicis nostris
ex illa re publica magno cum
Seven of our friends
from that state with great
septem ex amicis nostris = ablative with cardinal numerals
ex illa re publica
= ablative of place from which (physical separation)
magno cum metu = ablative of manner
(with adjective and preposition)
6. Si illi fide carent,
nulla spes est amicitiae et pacis.
If those men lack faith, there is no hope of
friendship and peace.
fide = ablative of
separation (metaphorical; with a verb of separation)
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