and Translate a Latin Sentence
sentence: pueri puellas hodie vocant.
means to identify the Subject,
of a Latin sentence, the words that make up the core of the sentence.
Identify the verb in the sentence: vocant
Identify the person and number of the verb: 3rd person plural
Translate the verb, for the moment using the appropriate pronoun: "They call".
Look for a possible expressed subject (a word in the nominative, especially if you
have a 3rd person singular or plural verb). Make sure that if the verb
ending is plural, the nominative word is also plural: pueri
If you find a suitable match, replace the pronoun "they" with the
noun in the nominative for your subject/verb combo: "the boys
You have now identified the subject and verb of the sentence. Now look to
see if there is a Direct Object, which will have an accusative ending. To
check your choice, ask this question to see if the translation makes sense:
"The boys call...what?" "Puellas" is in the accusative
case and the sentence makes sense. It is correct: The
boys call the girls.
Account for other words in the sentence. "Hodie" is an adverb
Now put the sentence together:
The boys call the girls
today = pueri
puellas hodie vocant.
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