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Romans in...


A Teacher Workshop held at Temple University, Ambler Campus
March 24, 2001

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Pedagogical Materials (Handouts)




Romans in Germany

Selected Bibliography for Researching "Romans in Germany"

I compiled this bibliography as a Latin teacher. I'll need to find out how a German teacher approaches the topic. -- Dr. Martha Davis

When I am looking into a topic that is very new to me, I've always approached it from three directions: any ancient texts I know of, preferably in editions with commentary; the Oxford Classical Dictionary; and Encyclopedia Britannica.  These days, we know there will also be valuable material on the internet. So here's what I did.

Step One: I went to the OCD and read the entry on "Germania" and related starred entries. The select bibliography at the end of the entries confirmed that I needed to read Julius Caesar's de bello gallico and Tacitus' Germania. I began there. Other ancient sources were listed, and I found more as I read other secondary sources. I've posted a select annotated bibliography of the most pertinent ancient texts elsewhere on this website.

Step Two: I reread Caesar and Tacitus. In addition to Latin texts I had on hand, I used the Loeb Classical Library editions of each. The Germania is included with the Dialogus and the Agricola. From there I went on to the Penguin Classics editions, which do have notes.

Step Three: I checked out the Britannica. Since it gave me just about the same suggestions about ancient texts and secondary works as the OCD had, I delved into the secondary sources listed.

Step Four: I started at E. A. Thompson's The Early Germans.  From there I went on to M. Todd's The Early Germans (dedicated to Thompson) and The Northern Barbarians. Here I found information about Roman-German interaction. As I was also going to support Marge Devinney in a session about deities, I read the sections in Todd about Germanic deities and cult locales. Then I went to the old standby, H. R. Ellis Davidson's book on Germanic/Scandinavian gods. I also consulted Dumezil's Archaic Roman Religion. In the small amount of time remaining I refreshed my knowledge about Roman deities by reading the pertinent section in Classical Mythology by Morford and Lenardon. A next step would have been to reread Ovid's Metamorphoses and Fasti.

Step Five: I reviewed as many internet sites as I had time to, counting on them to steer me to archaeological information and to museums and exhibits of art and artifacts. All these ventures brought me some information about Roman and German life and culture.

The Select Bibliography

Encyclopedia Britannica (Enough said.)

Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd ed. Edited by Hornblower and Spawforth. 1996.

Dumezil, Georges, Archaic Roman Religion. 1954.

Davidson, H.R. Ellis, Gods and Myths of Northern Europe. 1964.

Thompson, E. A. The Early Germans. 1965.

Hochmann, Rolf, The Germanic Peoples. 1971.

Roman Civilization. Sourcebook I: The Republic. Sourcebook II: The Empire. Edited with introduction and notes by N. Lewis and M. Reinhold. This set contains excerpts from ancient texts by topics.

Atlas of the Roman World, Cornell, T. and J. Matthews. 1982. The maps and illustrations in this book provide insight into the social and economic background of Roman and German interaction.

Schutz, Herbert. The Prehistory of Germanic Europe. 1983.

Todd, Malcolm, The Northern Barbarians, 100 BC-300 AD. Rev. 1987.

Heather, Peter, Goths and Romans. 1991.

Todd, Malcolm, The Early Germans. 1992.

Herwig, Wolfram, The Roman Empire and Its Germanic Peoples. 1997.

Constructing Identities in Late Antiquity, edited by R. Miles. 1999.

web-edited by Dr. Janice Siegel

copyright 2001 Janice Siegel, All Rights Reserved
send comments to: Janice Siegel (jfsiege@ilstu.edu)

date this page was edited last: 08/02/2005
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