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Romans in...


A Teacher Workshop held at Temple University, Ambler Campus
March 24, 2001

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Romans in Germany

A Workshop/Seminar held at Temple University, Ambler Campus
March 24, 2001

A Webliography for Romans in Germany
compiled by Dr. Janice Siegel


travelogues by regular people, some decent photos, some handy practical info

Specifically for kids

Augusta Treverorum


Porta Nigra (the largest surviving Roman gate north of the Alps)

Reproductions of Roman busts from Trier (displayed in the foyer of the Academy of European Law in Trier because they reflect the diversity of the region’s population then as well as now)

Rheinisches Landesmuseum Trier German only

Irene B. Hahn’s Tour of Trier

Carlo Del Vecchio’s Tour of Trier (in English and German)            EXCELLENT!

Universitat Trier’s site dedicated to Roman Trier (includes hyperlinks to short blurbs on all Roman monuments and ruins)

One page write-ups on Trier (all with a nod to the Roman aspects):

Articles about Roman finds in Trier (web-accessible)

St. Alexander – martyr during reign of Diocletian (3rd century)


 More martyrs of Trier: http://saints.catholic.org/saints/martyrsoftrier.html

From http://www.roman-emperors.org/conniei.htm:

The Emperor Constantine

Constantine, in the meanwhile, had served with distinction under both Diocletian and Galerius in the East. Kept initially at the court of Galerius as a pledge of good conduct on his father's part, he was later allowed to join his father in Britain and assisted him in a campaign against the Picts. When Constantius died, on 25 July 306, at Eburacum (York), Constantine was at his side. The soldiers at once proclaimed him Augustus; [[6]] Constantine henceforth observed this day as his dies imperii. Having settled affairs in Britain swiftly, he returned to the Continent, where the city of Augusta Treverorum (Trier) served as his principal residence for the next six years. There, too, in 307, he married Maximian's daughter Fausta, [[7]] putting away his mistress Minervina, who had borne him his first son, Crispus. [[8]] Trier's "Kaiserthermen" (Imperial Baths) and Basilica (the aula palatina ) give evidence to this day of Constantine's residence in the city.

At the same time the Senate and the Praetorian Guard in Rome had allied themselves with Maxentius, the son of Maximian. On 28 October 306 they proclaimed him emperor, [[9]] in the lower rank of princeps initially, although he later claimed the rank of Augustus. Constantine and Maxentius, although they were brothers-in-law, did not trust each other. Their relationship was further complicated by the schemes and consequently, in 310, the death of Maximian. Open hostilities between the two rivals broke out in 312, and Constantine won a decisive victory in the famous Battle of the Milvian Bridge. [[10]] This made Constantine the sole ruler of the western half of the empire.

In 335 Athanasius, now bishop of Alexandria and unbending in his opposition to some of Constantine's policies, was sent into exile at far-away Trier. [[25]]

The New Rome

During the First Tetrarchy Trier, Milan, Thessalonike, and Nicomedia had served as imperial residences, and the importance of Rome as a center of government had thus been considerably reduced. Constantine went far beyond this when he refounded the ancient Greek city of Byzantium as Constantinople and made it the capital of the empire. His decision to establish a new capital in the East ranks in its far-reaching consequences with his decision to adopt Christianity. The new capital enjoyed a most favorable location which afforded easy access to both the Balkan provinces and the eastern frontier, controlled traffic through the Bosporus, and met all conditions for favorable economic development.

Mosaics: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/apuleius/trier.html

From Vroma: mosaic found in the imperial baths serves as chariot racing lesson


some nice pictures of architectural detail in touristy photos of Trier: http://members3.clubphoto.com/shelley228252/Trier_Germany_Trier_and_our_hotel/icons.phtml

German tourist site of baths:


good site in German: http://www.markaurel.de/augustatrever.htm


nice photo of baths


announcement of finds of Roman ruins in Trier, Science News, 1929: http://www.sciencenews.org/sn_arc99/6_19_99/timeline.htm

Search for pictures of Roman ruins in German here:


Present-day names of Roman cities (for ref): http://www.geocities.com/~stilicho/cities.html

Picture/info on coin struck in Trier: http://myron.sjsu.edu/caesars/LOWCOST.HTM

Search for Trier on this site for four pictures: http://cricket.csuchico.edu/art/delta/roman.html

Pictures of Roman ruins in Trier: http://www.washington.edu/ark2/archtm/Germany.html

Subject: basilica (Constantine's palace) exterior , exterior , interior , detail, , rick work , detail, brick work , Roman city gate

Little internet encyclopedi article on Romn Rule: http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858344.html

More on coins minted in Trier:
The Roman Imperial Sestertius by R.Hudson http://www.abijess.freeserve.co.uk/The%20Roman%20Imperial%20Sestertius.htm


A woman’s toilette (photo) from the Trier Landesmuseum:


buy a cross-stitch of the Porta Nigra!


JoD’s images from the Trier Ceiling: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/Picts/apuleius.images.html

For sale: http://gilliscoins.com/pic_wrm06.htm

Amphora Strap-end A very large cast bronze amphora strap-end. The whole piece is decorated with punch dot and lozenge shapes, around the edges is a rope pattern, this terminating in two lions heads turned back, and biting the rope. 4th-5th Century AD. Found at Trier in Germany. 88 mm long. Attractive green patina. rare!

A special Roman medallion of Constantine made in Trier: http://oslomynthandel.no/artikler/rom_med.htm

Pottery at the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna: Among the examples of painted pottery are often found mottoed drinking-cups, typical products of the potteries of Trier since the 3rd century A. D. The drinking motto is painted in white lettering ("Let us drink as befits us").


TRIER-MINTED Coins/Medallions:  

Description: Maximinus II, billon argenteus, (3.14g) Trier Mint, IMP MAXIMINVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left, right hand raised, left hand holding globe. / SOLI INVICTO COMITI Sol, the god of the sun, standing facing, head left, in facing quadriga, holding globe and whip, PTR in exergue. Click here for the tale of MAXIMINUS II DAIA, Caesar 305-308, Augustus 309-313 A.D. For sale through the internet ( STOCK #CC1067)


for sale through the internet
(catlog #NNE/360): http://www.vosper4coins.co.uk/late_roman_coins/NNE-360.htm



What's depicted on obverse: Laureate and cuirassed bust of Constantine facing right.
What's depicted on reverse: (Prince of Youth) Constantine standing, facing forward with head turned left, in military dress, holding a military standard in each hand.

Caesar: Constantine I; Years of Reign: 306-337 C.E.; Year(s) Minted:  Summer, 307 C.E.; Denomination: Follis; Minted at: Treveri (Trier, Germany); Size (in mm): 26

Historical significance: Comemmorates the proclamation of Constantine as Caesar.

From the David Murrey Roman Coin page:

[Gold medallion showing Constantine Chlorus being welcomed by London] Gold medallion showing Constantine Chlorus being welcomed by London on her knees, ca. 306 A.D. (Trier: Landesmuseum). Medallions, which were in effect bribes in gold to win the support of military commanders, are the origin of military medals. The gold ultimately came from the senatorial order, and when senators no longer saw any point is bribing distant troops, the military was forced to take measures into its own hands to preserve the Roman order on which it depended. Having the same propaganda function as collosal busts, this medallion reflects the hieratic court tastes at Trier.


Heinen, Heinz. Trier und das Trevererland in römischer Zeit. 2000 Jahre Trier I. Trier 1985.

________. Frühchristliches Trier. Trier 1996.

________. "Konstantins Mutter Helena: de stercore ad regnum." Trierer Zeitschrift 61 (1998) 227-40.

Kremer, Klaus. "Laktanz: Erzieher von Konstantins Sohn Crispus zu Trier." Kurtrierisches Jahrbuch 25 (1985) 35-59.

Pohlsander, Hans A. "Maximinus und Paulinus: Zwei Trierer Bischöfe im vierten Jahrhundert," Trierer Zeitschrift 59

Wightman, Edith Mary. Roman Trier and the Treveri. London 1970.



Return to Vroma site for images:



Other Roman sites in Germany (besides Trier):


copyright 2001 Janice Siegel, All Rights Reserved
send comments to: Janice Siegel (jfsiege@ilstu.edu)

date this page was edited last: 08/02/2005
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