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Dr J's Audio-Visual Resources for Classics

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Castalian Spring

Corycian Cave and Environs

Marmara at Delphi

The Delphi Museum Gallery

Mount Parnassos

Up the Sacred Way

The Stadium at Delphi

The Temple of Apollo

The Theater at Delphi


north41MID.jpg (7893 bytes)Dr. J's Illustrated
Marmara at Delphi

(1.5 km from Delphi)

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IMG0060MID.jpg (8126 bytes)The Sanctuary of Athena, "Marmara," consists of the ruins of several buildings, most of which date to the early 4th century BC, including the Treasury of Massilia, our Marseilles. The original Temple of Athena Pronaia ("In Front of the Temple - of Apollo"), sometimes called Athena Pronoia ("Forethought"), was destroyed by the earthquake in 480 BC that scared the wits out of the Persians (Herodotus 8.39.2) and was rebuilt in c. 360 BC.
IMG0059MID.jpg (9118 bytes)Although the Temple of Athena Pronaia was the focus of worship here, it is this lovely round building (the tholos) - built in 390-380 BC and partially reconstructed in 1938 - that gets all the attention. No one has figured out its original function.
IMG0062MID.jpg (6114 bytes)The Gymnasium lies to the NW of Marmara. The xystos is the covered track where the athletes practiced running for the Pythian Games at Delphi, one of four Panhellenic Games held in Greece. The Romans replaced the original Doric columns with Ionic ones, thus disproving the old adage that you can't put a square peg in a round hole. Below and to the right of the xystos is the palaestra, the outdoor track.
IMG0061MID.jpg (8383 bytes)Surviving also is this bath, the best preserved Greek pool of the Classical period. Cold water ran down from the mountain, poured out through lion-head spouts (note the holes in the wall) into ten basins (along the wall), and the surplus water ran into the pool, where the athletes swam and bathed. Decadent hot baths were added later by the Romans but have not survived.

copyright 2001 Janice Siegel, All Rights Reserved
send comments to: Janice Siegel (jfsiege@ilstu.edu)

date this page was edited last: 08/02/2005
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